Article 9320

Title of the article



Kotel'nikov Vadim Alekseevich, Postgraduate student, Saratov State University (83 Astrakhanskaya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: 

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Background. Recently, the authors have actively studied the processes of transformation of the peasant culture of the environment under the influence of political, economic, religious, and other factors. A variety of aspects of the Soviet state require theoretical rethinking, especially the domestic economic policy, when the transformations in the rural life of the 1930s led to severe socio-economic consequences for the entire population of the country. The aim of this work is to analyze the state of supply of the rural population of Saratov region during the period of the first five-year plan.
Materials and methods. The implementation of the task was achieved through the use of data, the state archive of the contemporary history of Saratov region. Of particular interest were documents of the Soviet Trading Department, letters, reports, verbatims of meetings of employees of the societies and the chairmen of collective farms.
Results. The author has studied the material and social security of the rural population, revealed the everyday specifics of meeting the demand of farmers, as well as noted the peculiarities of market relations in a planned economy that played an important role in the self-supply of the population in the 1930s.
Conclusions. The analysis of the mechanisms of public supply allows to conclude that trade deficit, low quality of products, constant consumer demand became the main reasons for the development of a black market and speculation. In terms of exemption of agricultural products from collective farms, or selling it to the state at specially installed low procurement prices, the farmers were deprived of material incentives and motivation for quality work. 

Key words

market, supply, rural population, five-year plan, collective farm, collectivization, trade 


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Дата создания: 17.11.2020 15:57
Дата обновления: 18.11.2020 11:45